Causes of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is most likely to affect those who are ages 45 years and older, especially in people 65 and older because of the long-term wear and tear of joints. While prevention through exercise and weight control is vital, other osteoarthritis causes may be unavoidable.
Excess weight puts unnecessary pressure on joints in hips and knees, which causes cartilage to break down more quickly. Excess fat tissue also produces cytokines, which are inflammatory chemicals that cause joint damage.
A family history of osteoarthritis increases the probability of needing osteoarthritis treatment. While osteoarthritis typically occurs in older adults, genes may be the cause of early onset osteoarthritis.
- Trauma, Injury, or Overuse
Whether it’s through playing a sport, working, or experiencing an accident, the overuse or trauma affecting a joint can cause osteoarthritis. Fractures, repetitive movements, and past surgery may all be factors in the need for treatment for osteoarthritis.
Joints that are not properly formed or genetic defects in joint cartilage may cause osteoarthritis.